• Cameroon’s Healthcare System:
    • There is approximately one doctor for every 20,000 people in Cameroon, which is the equivalent of having 75 doctors to serve the entire population of Philadelphia.
    • Government expenditure on health care equals only $122 per person per year and most citizens have minimal access to medical care.
    • An estimated 48% of the population lives below the poverty line, leaving few citizens eligible to afford health care costs.

 

  • Common Illnesses in Cameroon:
    • The life expectancy for adults is 51 years and the probability of dying under age five is 154 of 1000 live births.
    • The leading causes of death for adults are HIV/AIDS, respiratory infections, malaria, and diarrheal diseases.
    • The leading causes of death for children under five are neonatal death, malaria, pneumonia and diarrheal diseases.

 

  • Disease Burden in Cameroon:
    • Healthcare resources in Cameroon are limited and focused mainly in urban areas, leaving rural populations without access to adequate health care.
    • In rural villages, there are few government medical centers, which are most often under or non-staffed and lack electricity or running water.
    • In addition, medicines are difficult and expensive to both purchase and transport to rural areas, resulting in medical centers that lack basic drugs to treat common illnesses such as intestinal parasites, malaria, and respiratory infections.